Fish Facts – Aquarium Plants to Buy for Beginners

The first time I have a pet fish is when I was just about 12 to 13 years old and it was one of the best days of my life. Who wouldn’t want a fish to be your pet? It is like owning a cat or dog but for me, in my own opinion, I definitely love fish as a pet. Today, I ended up collecting them and I have about two dozen of them which really make my whole life so complete every day.

The beauty of having a fish pet is that you have the chance to put your own style and decoration in the aquarium. A fish tank without a plant is like a sad painting with only fishes swimming. I remember the time I bought my first aquarium plant and it made me think how wonderful it is to be a fish swimming in an incredible aquarium. They are like an exotic slice of nature wonders in your living room. The best part of it is that you can see them every now and then.

So today, I will share with you my ideas about purchasing the right aquarium plants for your fish and what they are all about and how you and your pet fish can benefit from it.

There are two types of aquarium plants:

  1. Foreground Aquarium Plants
  2. Mid-ground and Background Aquarium Plants

Here are some of the Foreground Aquarium Plants that you can choose from:

  • Java Moss (Vesicularia dubyana)

This is the first aquarium plant type I have purchased for my pet fish because it can be left floating or attached to a surface like wood or rockworks. You can anchor it in place with fishing line or another tie then you can remove the ties when plant has been attached already. My fish loved it so much because it also forms like mats in which fishes can hide or play around.

  • Narrowleaf Chain Sword (Echinodorus tenellus)

This one is also known as Pygmy Chain Sword because of its grasslike form. This type of aquarium plant is one of the smallest of sword family. It is also one of the excellent choices as foreground plant for your aquarium.  It is tolerant of a wide range of water conditions and it requires moderate to high lighting to maintain its small size features.

Now, here are some of the Mid-ground and Background Aquarium Plants:

  • Amazon Sword (Echinodorus bleheri)

Today, I change my aquarium plants and shifted to this type. It is one of the most iconic aquarium plants used in the hobby and for me, it is what most people visualize when they think about aquarium plants. Basically, it is the most used and probably the most coveted aquarium plants ever.

  • Java Fern (Microsorum pteropus)

It is probably one of the hardest plants that can tolerate wide range of conditions, from lower lighting as well as the higher pH and hard water of cichlid aquariums and aquariums with higher lighting. It is really good for bigger aquariums and bigger fishes too.

Give some of these plants a try and we’ll see you until the next blog folks!

-Janet Avers, Staff Writer

Easy Ways to Clean and Control Algae from Growing in your Aquarium

Are you a fish lover? Or perhaps do you own an aquatic species business? It is for me is one of the most adorable profession and a great passion to pursue. It is like raising a child minus the stress and building characters as what they say.

Nope, it's not like this when you clean.

Nope, it’s not like this when you clean.

But like most other tasks, feeding and how to raise fishes particularly different kinds or types of fish species can be a lot of work and can consume some time. Even though all of it is worth the effort, you need some guidance definitely especially if you are a beginner in raising fishes as pets.

Luckily, I have summed up some of the most useful and practical ways for you to make things easier particularly if you are having some troubles with your fish aquariums infested by slimy algae. Here are some easy ways for you to clean your aquarium and stop algae from growing back again:

Step 1. Aquarium problem starts from the excess foods you feed your fishes.

We find it very adorable and enjoyable to feed our beloved fishes 2 to 3 times a day, right? We just love to watch our furry friends in the aquarium eating what we give to them. Sometimes, it is too much because you are “overfeeding” them. Yes and I have learned the hard way. Overfeeding is the most common source of the algal nutrients ammonia and phosphate. Resist from feeding frenzy by only feeding your fishes once a day or, if you really can’t help it, just smaller portions 2-3 times a day so that you can keep the unwanted green in check all the time.

Step 2. Aquarium lights can be a reason too.

If your aquarium has lights and then you turn it on when waking up and turn it off when going to bed, you might not realize that the extended light cycle may be encouraging extra algae growth in the tank. It is better if you put your lights on a timer to replicate a day or night schedule and stick to it. It is much better that way and you can save time from cleaning, right?

Step 3. Tank Water Changes

When you have a closed aquarium for your fishes, it is advisable that you should regularly change the water to remove excess nutrients from the food they eat. You can do it 2 to 3 times a week.

Step 4. Test your tap water before you change it.

This one is a good practice though. It is better if you test your tap water before changing it because it might contain-algae-encouraging elements right out of the faucet.

Step 5. More plants are better.

Yes, it is true. The more you put plants in your aquarium, the less the chance algae will take over your fish tank. Plants can compete directly with algae for light and nutrients which is really good and most often plants win if given proper conditions and caring.

What can you say about tips for you today? Share with us your comments and opinions and will get back on you as soon as possible.

-Rajeet Reeta, Contributor

Aquatic Life and Facts – Adopting Fish for a Pet

When you are considering adopting a fish for a pet or purchasing a fish for a gift to a friend, you need to remember that there are few things you need to know and get ready in order for you to make it a fun and enjoyable experience especially if you are really want to add the fish as family pets.

Fish, unlike cats and dogs that runs and plays with you in the house or your yards which can be easily be taken care of when you have time, they are aquatic organisms in which you really need to give time for them and house then in a clean, clutter-free aquarium for them to live and grow.

When it comes to fish pet, the first step towards a successful setting is to begin with the basic fish education which is finding the suitable and proper fish tank for your purchased or adopted fishes. Now here are some of the few basic things that you should know before you get started with it:

  1. Water Quality

Basically, there are 3 different aquarium set-ups for your fish’s water. There is saltwater for saltwater type fishes, freshwater and lastly, the brackish aquarium. What this means is that not all the fishes that you saw in pet shops are grouped under the same water quality category. It all depends on where the fish can be seen or usually their basic habitat. One of the most famous family pets is a clownfish, a cute and adorable small little fellow. You might have seen the movie “Finding Nemo” in which Nemo and his father are clown fish. These are the types of fishes that survives only in saltwater tanks or naturally, saltwater just like the sea. Make sure you will not get confused of what type of fish do you have. Take a moment to research about the certain fish you like to adopt or buy before you will decide to purchase an aquarium.

  1. Aquarium Selection (i.e. the size and shape of it)

Get the best and not so common aquarium for your pet fish the moment you set your eyes on it. But how can you do it? How can you choose the best aquarium to use?  There is generally no right answer to this because depending on which type of fish that you intend to keep and your home space availability, with other constraints like money, these will determine what kind of tank you should be getting. Aquariums which are too small or too deep may not be suitable after all, so consult experts on what’s best for your precious pets. If you plan to purchase a fish in a pet shop, you can ask for an advice direct from the pet shop owner or the staffs because they know what exactly your pet fish will like. You might also want to check out how to select the perfect location to place your fish tank.

  1. Ensure everything runs smoothly (i.e. tank, water, etc.)

This is the most interesting aspect in owning a fish for a pet. You have to make sure everything inside the aquarium runs smoothly. Fish like all other living organisms need to eat so you need to give time to feed your pet fish and also make sure the excess foods must be taken out twice or thrice a week to get rid of waste and foul odor.

Owning a fish as a pet is like any other pets you have, you should take care of them just like the rest of the animals and make sure they are alright. They need love caring just like humans, too.

-Bernie Shaw, Staff Writer

Ecology, and everything else beautiful

Life is a big pile of water and everyone around you is one of the many fishes in the ocean eager to discover themselves day by day.”

How much do you really know about Ecology? Aside from it is the scientific study of how organisms interact, live and everything they do with each other and with their environment, it also includes relationships between individuals of the same species, different species and between organisms in connection with their physical and chemical environments.

That’s how I basically know what Ecology is all about. But, aside from these studies, what have you notice and learned about the Ecology today? Do they interfere with the human species too? For those who don’t know about this, the aquatic ecology includes the study of these relationships in all aquatic environments, including oceans, estuaries, lakes, ponds, wetlands, rivers, and streams. Basically, they are all about living creatures in the water area of the world.

Now do not confused ecology and ecosystem as the same because, apparently, they are far different from each other. The ecosystem is a community of living organisms and their physical and chemical environment are linked by one flow of energy and nutrients. They are functioning as a discrete ecological unit and can be defined at a variety of scales if that’s what you need to study about. Before, I am not sure about the ecology and ecosystem but as time goes by, it becomes clear to me and their relevant purposes here in the environment.

So for a quick lesson, the boundaries of an aquatic ecosystem are somewhat arbitrary, but generally enclose a system in which inflows and outflows can be estimated. Most of the Ecosystem ecologists, which is by the way one of the coolest job on Earth, studies how nutrients, energy, and water flow through an ecosystem. It is both exciting and full of facts if you tell me.

Before we start with the Ecology and Ecosystem, let me first tell you this. The two main types of aquatic ecosystems are marine ecosystems and freshwater ecosystems. Marine ecosystems cover approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface and contain approximately 97% of the planet’s water while the Freshwater ecosystems cover 0.80% of the Earth’s surface and inhabit 0.009% of its total water. Also, in the freshwater ecosystems, they contain 41% of the world’s known fish species. Interesting, isn’t it?

Now, for you to know there are three types of freshwater ecosystems in the world. They are called the:

  1. Lentic: slow moving water, including pools, ponds, and lakes.
  2. Lotic: faster moving water, for example streams and rivers.
  3. Wetlands: areas where the soil is saturated or inundated for at least part of the time.

These freshwater ecosystems represent the living organisms in which we call fishes and other species that is part of our food cycle.

Organisms living in aquatic ecosystems are dependent on the resources of their environment just like human beings too. They belong to a biological communities in which it includes types of animals present and their relative abundance that are shaped through their interactions with other organisms in which we call “Life Cycle”. That is how great the study of Ecology is all about.

-Jed Singh, Editor in Chief